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Concrete Cutting One
1257 Worcester Rd, Unit 114
Framingham, MA 01701

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Concrete Cutting Coring Hubbardston MA Mass Massachusetts

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“We Specialize in Cutting Doorways and Windows in Concrete Foundations”

Are You in Hubbardston Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?

We Are Your Local Concrete Cutting Company

Call 508-283-3135

We Service all surrounding Cities & Towns.

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We Perform Concrete Cutting, Sawing, Core Drilling and Coring in Hubbardston.

The area of a curve bounded by a straight line at the bottom, and which has vertical and equally spaced ordinates, may be computed with very close accuracy by the adoption of Simpson's rule. If y° represents the ordinate at the beginning of the curve (and in this case y. = 0), while y1 up to n represent the lengths of the several ordinates (being the last ordinate, and, in this case, also equal to 0; and n being equal to the even number of divisions, in this case 20), then the area may be expressed by the formula: Applying this rule, we find that the area will be 640.50 square feet. Dividing this by the span, 61.4, we find that the height above the line OB will be 10.59 feet. The approximate two-thirds rule would give us 10.17. Making a rough interpolation in the tabular form of Article 428, we could say that for an angle 2 a equal to 106° 16', the quantity to be added to the result by the two-thirds rule would be approximately 5 percent. Adding 5 percent to 10.17, we would have 10.68, which gives a rough check with the far more accurate value just found. We shall assume that the concrete arch carries a filling of earth or cinders weighing 100 pounds per cubic foot, that the top of this filling is level, and that it has a thickness of one foot above the crown. Since concrete weighs about 150 pounds per cubic foot, we shall assume this weight of 150 pounds as the unit of measurement, and therefore reduce the ordinates of earthwork to the load line for the top of the earth, as shown in Fig. 232.

We shall assume as an additional dead load a pavement weighing 80 pounds per square foot, and shall therefore lay off an ordinate of a1 foot above the ordinates for the earth-filling load. For this particular problem, we shall only investigate a live load of 200 pounds per square foot, extending over one-half of the spans from the concrete abutment to the center. From our previous work in concrete arches, we know that such a loading will test the concrete arch more severely than a similar unit live load extending over the entire concrete arch; and therefore, if the concrete arch proves safe for this eccentric load, we may certainly assume that it will be safe for a full load. These load lines are laid off similarly to the method elaborated in Article 409. The concrete arch has already been laid off. in equal horizontal sections, each having a width of 3.07 feet. The two end sections are slightly longer if we consider the entire load which is vertically over the extreme ends of the extrados of the concrete arch. The 18 sections lying between the end sections have a width of 3.07 feet, and a variable height which may be considered as extending from the top of the load line down to the intrados. We may therefore multiply the widths of these sections by their various heights, and by 150, and obtain the number of pounds weight on each section, and we find the loads as follows: The sum total of this loading, which represents the total dead and live load on a section of the concrete arch one foot wide (in the direction of the axis of the concrete arch), is 63,814 pounds. We lay off these various loads on the right-hand side of the drawing in a vertical line, using a scale of 5,000 pounds per inch. Selecting a pole 01 at random, we draw rays to the various points in the load line. Commencing at the point 0, we draw the segments of the trial equilibrium concrete polygon parallel with the rays in the force diagram which run from the point 01, to the load line, and obtain the trial equilibrium concrete polygon 0B1. By drawing from o the line o1m parallel to the line 0B1, we obtain the point n on the load line, from which we draw an indefinite horizontal line which intersects the concrete.

Are You in Hubbardston Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?

We Are Your Local Concrete Cutting Company

Call 508-283-3135

We Service all surrounding Cities & Towns.